How Do I Know I Have Hernia?

Hernia normally occurs as a result of muscle strain or weakness. When these two conditions affect the peritoneum, organs and tissues end up herniating i.e. producing a lump or bulge. The main symptom of this condition is usually a visible bulge. However, some people may end up experiencing mild to moderate symptoms which include heartburn, persistent coughing, and general abdominal discomfort.

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Abdominal pain, a symptom of hernia

How Do I Know I Have Hernia?

A hernia can cause your body tissue or organ to get strangled, blocked, or inflamed. As a result, the signs and symptoms of this condition significantly vary. This may include the presence of a painless lump. Alternatively, some people may end up with extremely painful protruding tissues.

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Below is an overview of the common symptoms of various hernias.

Strangulated Hernia

When the blood supply to the herniated tissue is cut off, a strangulated hernia occurs. The main symptoms of this type of hernia include:

A huge bulge on the skin.

An extremely painful hernia that quickly gets worse.

Tenderness and fatigue.

Nausea and vomiting.

Burning sensation on the region around the hernia.

Bloody stools

Skin color changes near the hernia.

Increased heart rate

Poor bowel movements or constipation

Note: the main symptoms of a strangulated hernia are usually severe. In case you experience these symptoms, seek immediate medical attention.

Reducible hernia

This type of hernia normally appears as a new lump on the abdominal area including the navel. Most people normally experience it around the groin area. However, this lump can be manually reduced by applying moderate pressure on the hernia. Some of its common symptoms include:

The bulge can easily flatten out when you press it gently or when you lie down.

The lump may be painful and may gradually worsen with time.

When standing, the lump size may increase. Besides that, an increase in abdominal pressure may cause the lump size to increase, for instance when you’re coughing.

Note: this type of hernia isn’t an immediate health threat. This is because you can manually fix the bulge by pressing on it. However, you still need to seek medical help.

Symptoms of Irreducible Hernia

This is an incarcerated type of hernia that may also lead to a strangulated hernia. Main symptoms include:

  • A painful bulge which needs immediate medical intervention.
  • An irreducible hernia can be a chronic or long-term condition. However, the patient won’t experience pain in this state. The hernia can gradually grow hard.
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Bowel obstruction

Note: it’s not possible to manually push back an irreducible hernia. Besides that, it may cause inflammation, or the affected area may get swollen. Therefore, affected individuals need to seek professional help as soon as possible.

Final Thoughts

The signs and symptoms of hernias vary based on the type of hernia. Additionally, the severity of this condition affects the type of pain you will experience. Depending on the cause, this condition can gradually develop over a long period of time making it a chronic disorder. However, it can also quickly progress and become a serious issue. To reduce your chances of developing this condition, make sure that you watch your weight and eat healthily. In case you experience some of the above-mentioned symptoms, do get immediate medical attention.

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